Mark left home because of his mum's mental health issues, but is now a support worker and can help her.
Homelessness is more than just sleeping on the streets. While this can be the most dangerous, and most visible, form of homelessness, it is just the tip of the iceberg.
Homelessness means not having a place to call home – a place that is private, secure, decent and affordable and where you have a right to stay. Having a roof over your head is not enough, as Mark’s story shows.
If it is unsafe for you to stay where you are, if you cannot afford to live there or you are forced to constantly move, you can still be considered homeless.
For many young people this is a dangerous reality. Changes to benefit entitlements and a worsening housing crisis have increasingly taken away young people’s options. So many of the young people our charity partners see are trapped in a cycle of homelessness, moving from sofa to sofa, not knowing where they will sleep that night. And not having a stable home makes everything else more difficult: holding down a job, staying in school or education, even just keeping yourself clean and looking presentable.
The single biggest cause is family breakdown, which was a factor in almost half of youth homelessness cases last year. This is where young people are unable to continue living with their parents or care-givers for reasons such as conflict, violence and sexual abuse. Watch Arabella and Abu's stories to hear how family breakdown can lead to a young person becoming homeless.
Personal problems such as mental health difficulties or substance abuse issues can leave young people more vulnerable to becoming homeless. And once young people fall into homelessness, these problems are more likely to become more acute. Young people from certain backgrounds are also more likely to fall victim to homelessness, with care leavers, refugees, and young people involved in the criminal justice system all more at risk.
Various social problems can also lead to homelessness: low incomes, unemployment, lack of education and training and housing shortages can all play a part. Welfare cuts can worsen the situation, with many young people using homelessness services potentially being hit by proposals to end automatic housing support.
The statistics on this page came from Homeless Link's 2015 report on youth homelessness, 'Young and Homeless'. For more research from the national membership charity for organisations tackling homelessness, visit their website.
For independent facts on the causes of poverty and disadvantage, including homelessness, go to The Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
For more information, help and guidance on homelessness, go to Shelter.